We all know that health issues always remain a major concern in India. In India, diseases, from minute to critical, vary in many ways. Due to this, the majority of the population in India is prone to one or another condition.

One of the major concern diseases in India is diabetes. It became a growing health concern among the people a long time back. If we say, almost half of the Indian population is directly prone to the risk of diabetes. With evolving population, it can hugely impact a large population even more.

The Latest Diabetes Statistics In India & World :

The rate of diabetes in the population is increasing immensely worldwide, including in India. As we are aware of the fact that India has become the second-largest country in terms of people, with a population of around 1.4 billion.

According to the International Diabetes Federation report,77 million(1 in 11Indians) adults all over India were impacted by diabetes as of 2020. In this study only, it has been found that diabetes prevalence mostly exists in Urban areas compared to rural parts.

Statistics Of Diabetic Prevalence Worldwide

The number of diabetic patients reaches 537 million as of 2021 statistics. It is even more, increasing which is estimated to grow up to 783 million by that time. With this continuous growth rate, diabetes would increase by 12 percent in the future up to 2045.



(in billion)

Prevalence of Diabetes(in percent)







United States




According to The Latest Diabetes Statistics In India & Globally, India is the largest country having diabetic patients, second is China as of 2021 stats. In spite of having such a large number, China is not considered the top of highest prevalence in the world.

Existing Diabetics In India

The problem of diabetes is kind of heterogenous in India. At present,4-11 percent of Indians belong to the urban population, and 3 percent of the rural population above the age group of 15 undergo diabetic diseases.

Therefore, India is also called the diabetes capital all across the world. Talking in figures, about 60 million Indians are currently facing this disease. Every one patient among five diabetic patients belongs to India.

Also ReadHow to Reverse Diabetes in 7 Easy Ways?

Diabetic Prevalence in India

Through statistics, we can see that the population of India is around 1.4 billion, which is about four times more than that of the United States. With an ever-growing population, the diabetic statistics in India was about a 77million as of 2020 data, which has increased by 45million more over the last ten years from 2007.

After thorough research, it has been found that most of the diabetic population falls under the category of type 2 diabetes, whose main cause is insulin resistance and the constant losing ability of the pancreas to make insulin.

There are various factors responsible if the person being impacted with type 2 diabetes. It includes-

  1. Genes
  2. Lifestyle
  3. Most importantly, the Environment

Similarly, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that attacks beta cells present in the pancreas. Because of this, sufficient insulin supply stops, and health problem like diabetes arises.

According to 2020 research, in India, type 1 diabetes is increasing by 12percent. As of 2020 statistics related to urban areas of Chandigarh, the diabetic patient reaches 18 percent of the respondents. Followed by this is 16.5 percent of diabetic patients belong to Bhubaneshwar and 15 percent belong to Kolkata.

 Diabetic according to Age & Gender group 

According to statistics, the number of an adult with diabetes worldwide is sorted by age, and the number is forecasted up to 2045.

Age Group in Years

Diabetes in Male(%)

Diabetes in Female(%)


18-40 years




41-60 years




>60 years









Also Read :How Does Exercise Help In Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Top 10 States with Diabetic patients in India

According to WHO, diabetes would become the 7th leading reason for death by 2030. India currently has 49% of diabetic patients across the world. In India, about 7.8% of the population belonging to the age group above 18 years are undergoing treatment for diabetes.

Even though, a large section of the population is unaware of the diseases through which they are undergoing. Tamil Nadu, was found to have the highest death rate due to diabetes when considering the other Indian States, which is followed by Punjab and Karnataka.


Prevalence Of Diabetes(%)















Andhra Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh








Tamil Nadu







Why Are Indians Getting Diabetes?

There can be various scientific reasons that can lead to diabetes. The major reason is a disturbed lifestyle.No particular time for eating, bathing, sleeping, etc. Doing anything anytime, thus the body won't get a permanent routine to accommodate itself into it. It keeps on changing, giving rise to more and more diseases along with diabetes all over India.

Also ReadCan diabetes affect your sex life? Know Essential Sex Tips for Diabetics

Here we have listed some of the major factors that are linked with increasing diabetes trends in India-

  • Improper Lifestyle
  • Bad environmental condition
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Use of tobacco, alcohol
  • No time for exercise
  • A rise in cholesterol levels
  • Spending large time in front of screens
  • Large intake of meats
  • Eating food rich in carbohydrates, fats, and oil
  • No knowledge related to prevention strategies for diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

There are various symptoms of diabetes which include-

  • Tiredness all time
  • Hungryness most of the time
  • Urinating conditions during the night
  • Infections more than normal exist
  • Loss in weight
  • Sores take time to heal
  • Thirsty all the time

Diabetic Treatments

Talking the treatment of diabetes varies depending on the type of diabetes. There are various treatments given to a person depending on the type of diabetes through which person is suffering. Both types of diabetes have their unique way of treatment.

Below are some of the treatment methods depending on type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Due to type 1 diabetes, the person's pancreas would function improperly, leading to less insulin release. To overcome this problem, an artificial method is found by which a person who lacks insulin can intake several times a day externally to fill its requirement. The insulin intake is taken in the form of a needle and syringe or an insulin pen.

Those patients who need a constant supply of insulin take insulin pumps. Tablets are not accepted for the supply of insulin because the acid present in the stomach destroys it.

Type 2 Diabetes

All those patients undergoing type 2 diabetes are treated by giving doses of insulin to control the level of insulin. Doctors suggest medication apart from medicines as an effective way to control symptoms. For this type of treatment, tablets are also given along with an injection. But the best results come when patients take a combination of insulin and different medications to control the blood sugar level in the body.

Diabetes Prevention Tips

There is various research taking place to find a better diabetes treatment. In India from ancient times, people beliefs in a natural and holistic healthcare system. For the evidence, various medicinal herbs like Ashwagandha and exercises like Yoga help lighten the glucose level in our body. If doing exercises regularly, symptoms would come in significant control within a limited time.

Some of the common prevention and treatment techniques are given below-

  • Proper education should be provided for the prevention and recovery from disease
  • Undergo diagnosis regularly on time
  • Take assistance from a diabetic care center
  • Eye care for all those patients infected with diabetes
  • Blood glucose control with medications, insulin


The diabetes problem has become a major health concern in India. According to one report, the risk of developing diabetes at the early age of 20s among Indian males is about 55.5%the  in the figure.

Talking about females, the figure reached 64.6%. Although, the risk increases more as we get older.

The major cause of growing diabetes in India is urbanization. More and more people are migrating to cities to gain employment. With the urbanization settlement, the lifestyle of people is becoming worse day by day, making people more prone to health issues like obesity and diabetes, etc.

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.