Even with the developments in medicinal drugs, diabetes still manages to kill 1.5 to 5 million people per year. This is because many diabetics fail to maintain a healthy diet and a regular balanced exercise program, which is considered to be the primary treatment for diabetes.
Exercise in particular is important because it helps them control their sugar levels, which is what their bodies have a hard time doing. Written below is an explanation of how and why exercise can save their lives. How Does Exercise Help In Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes? get clear information from here.
What is Diabetes?
The body needs a hormone called insulin in order to be able to create energy from the sugar that enters your body. Diabetics have a problem producing insulin. This means that diabetics usually have low energy and are more prone to getting clogged arteries—the latter being the cause of many illnesses that lead to deaths.
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
There are only two types of diabetes:
* Type 1:
- 5-10% of diabetics.
- The immune system destroys the cells that release insulin.
- They experience episodes of low blood sugar and they get seriously ill when their blood sugar is high.
- The cause of this type of diabetes is still unknown, but it has been concluded that it cannot be prevented.
- Symptoms begin to show during childhood or early adulthood.
* Type 2:
- This consists of the remaining 90-95% of diabetics.
- They have insulin resistance, which means that their bodies are able to use insulin but not effectively. The pancreas reacts to this by producing more insulin, resulting in high blood insulin levels.
- This is usually found in adults but has recently been found more and more in children.
- A healthy lifestyle can prevent this.
Why is exercise important for diabetics?
For type 1 diabetics, exercise is important because it increases insulin sensitivity which means that the body doesn’t need as much insulin to process carbohydrates.
On the other end of the spectrum, type 2 diabetics often have too much glucose in their system. But during exercise, muscles use up all this glucose and help lower the sugar level. Also, it helps the body to process the sugar properly by bringing down insulin resistance.
Diabetics, who exercise effectively, are able to prevent multiple long-term illnesses such as the following:
- Heart problems
- Blocked arteries
- Vulnerability to heart attack
- Chronic kidney failure
Exercise for Diabetics
Since working out takes a strong heart, diabetics must be fully aware of the amount of strenuous activity their heart will allow them to perform. Taking a full physical exam and consulting with their doctors is recommended before starting to exercise.
The doctors are aware of their patient’s medical history; thus, they can recommend a workout regimen that their bodies can take. Diabetics can end up injuring or hospitalizing themselves if they start working out without the recommendation of their doctors.
There are three main kinds of exercise: aerobic, strength training, and flexibility. It is strongly recommended to have a good balance of the three.
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Aerobic: The American Diabetes Association recommends moderately high-intensity aerobic exercise for 150 minutes per week. This can be divided throughout the week depending on a person’s capability (eg. 5 times a week for 30 minutes each or 3 times a week for 50 minutes each).
Examples of aerobic exercise include the following:
Strength Training: When a person lifts weights, the muscles use up glucose which is why this kind of exercise is important to diabetics. A good amount of strength training for them is 2-3 times a week for 30 minutes each.
Proper form and usage of equipment are important for those starting out with this kind of workout. For those unable to access a gym in the nearby area, bodyweight exercises can be done anywhere and household items like canned foods and bags of flour can be used as weights.
Flexibility: The simple act of stretching before and after exercise can reduce muscle soreness and relaxes muscles, which will improve its overall efficiency and prevent injuries.
How Does Exercise Help In Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes? Diabetes kills millions of people every year because of the long-term illnesses it creates. These can be prevented if one has control over his sugar level. While medication does help maintain this, regular exercise and a healthy diet can help diabetics maintain a lifestyle that will see them triumph over their disease.